In today's Media Mix, the ethics behind the most expensive coffee, plus chefs fight against fracking
The CEO of the fast-food giant claims he lost weight eating his company's food.
Check out the headlines you may have missed.
McDonald's CEO on Weight Loss: The current CEO claims that he ate food from McDonald's every day and lost 20 pounds. No word on how long the daily routine has been going on. A week, perhaps? [ABC News]
Most Expensive, Cruel Coffee? Apparently, that exorbitantly priced coffee kopi luwak is a product of unethically treated civets, kept in cages and fed exclusively coffee cherries. Factory farming in the coffee world is not pretty. [TIME]
Alice Waters vs. Fracking: A petition, led by Alice Waters, is hoping to stop fracking completely in California. [Global Possibilities]
Urban Outfitters Coffee: In addition to opening a restaurant in their new Williamsburg location, Urban Outfitters is reportedly opening a café in their Fifth Avenue location Oct. 7. You'll never have to leave. [Grub Street]
Best Beer Guide Ever: This intense beer infographic that explains everything from Japanese rice lager to Shwarzier is up for sale, and it's scary. [Pop Chart Lab]
So Long, Big Mac: Cleveland Clinic Ousts McDonald's From Cafeteria
The McDonald's inside the Cleveland Clinic in Cleveland, in 2004.
One of the most prestigious names in health care is taking a stand on food.
This week, Cleveland Clinic announced it would sever ties with McDonald's. As of Sept. 18, the McDonald's branch located in the Cleveland Clinic cafeteria will turn off its fryers and close its doors for good. Its lease will not be renewed.
The move is part of a wider effort by Cleveland Clinic leaders to promote a culture of wellness. Employees are offered free gym access and Weight Watchers memberships. And nudging out McDonald's is one of many steps the medical center has taken in the cafeteria to offer more healthful fare.
"Cleveland Clinic wants to help patients and visitors and our employees turn to healthier lifestyles and healthier choices," clinic spokeswoman Eileen Sheil tells The Salt.
And, burgers and french fries, well, they don't make the cut.
Around The World In 8 Hospital Meals
The move is not a huge surprise. As we've reported, Cleveland Clinic tried to terminate its lease contract with McDonald's several years back, but failed.
Hospital Food So Fresh, Even The Healthy Come To Dine
Not Your Grandmother's Hospital Food
In the meantime, other facilities have had better success — what advocates for more healthful fare say is part of a trend.
"Cleveland Clinic is the seventh hospital since 2009" to cut ties with McDonald's, says Sriram Madhusoodanan of the advocacy group Corporate Accountability International.
He points to Vanderbilt Medical Center in Nashville, Tenn., Riley Hospital for Children in Indianapolis and Truman Medical Centers in Kansas City, Mo.
Now, McDonald's does offer more fresh food than it used to — everything from Cuties California Clementines in Happy Meals to its recent experiments with kale salads. And the company is scrambling to remake itself into, in the words of its CEO, a "progressive burger company."
But Madhusoodanan says many of its customers still go for the traditional menu.
"McDonald's most profitable items remain burgers, fries and soda," Madhusoodanan says. And that's a lot of sugar, salt and fat.
Some of those loyal customers are unhappy with the decision to shutter the Golden Arches at Cleveland Clinic — or elsewhere.
In Cleveland, some commenters on a local news site have complained that the loss of Mickey D's at the clinic amounts to the loss of the most affordable option. And another commenter wrote: "No one should be able to dictate lifestyle choices."
Cleveland Clinic's Sheil tells us that the medical center is aware of the need for good value. And, she says, as it considers replacements for McDonald's, the idea is to find a vendor that offers more healthful food and affordable prices.
There’s nothing more unappetizing than warm soda, so McDonald’s has set up a system that guarantees your cola is always cold enough. And according to Spoon University, it sounds like a pretty elaborate set-up.
Apparently, there is a tube that runs all the way from the soda machines by the drive-thru to the refrigerator in the back of the store. The water is constantly cycled through this tube at a temperature just above freezing. Those low temperatures are ideal for C02 levels, which gives your soda the carbonation and bubbles that you love.
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The 10 Best Gluten-Free Menu Items At McDonald's
Unless you have a chemistry degree, deciphering the ingredients in your favorite fast foods and figuring out whether they're gluten-free might feel like a lost cause. Is that dressing even safe? Who knows.
Luckily, you don't have to give up your McDonald's faves if you can't eat gluten. If you're willing to sacrifice buns, tortillas, some sauces, and hash browns and fries (both of which use a wheat-derived flavoring), you can totally find gluten-free eats at Mickey D's.
If you have celiac's, just know that McDonald's does prepare gluten-containing and gluten-free eats in the same space. "There are so many opportunities for cross-contact to happen&mdashfrom ingredient storage to preparation to transporting orders from the kitchen to the counter," explains dietitian Rachel Begun, RDN, who specializes in gluten-free living.
Keeping that in mind, try these gluten-free McDonald's items next time you hit up the Golden Arches.
On May 4, 1961, McDonald's first filed for a U.S. trademark on the name "McDonald's" with the description "Drive-In Restaurant Services", which continues to be renewed. By September 13, McDonald's, under the guidance of Ray Kroc, filed for a trademark on a new logo—an overlapping, double-arched "M" symbol. But before the double arches, McDonald's used a single arch for the architecture of their buildings. Although the "Golden Arches" logo appeared in various forms, the present version was not used until November 18, 1968, when the company was favored a U.S. trademark.
The present corporation credits its founding to franchised businessman Ray Kroc on April 15, 1955. This was in fact the ninth opened McDonald's restaurant overall, although this location was destroyed and rebuilt in 1984. In 1961, Kroc purchased the McDonald brothers's equity in the company and began the company's worldwide reach.  Kroc was recorded as being an aggressive business partner, driving the McDonald brothers out of the industry.
Kroc and the McDonald brothers fought for control of the business, as documented in Kroc's autobiography. The San Bernardino restaurant was eventually torn down in 1971, and the site was sold to the Juan Pollo chain in 1998. This area serves as headquarters for the Juan Pollo chain, and a McDonald's and Route 66 museum.  With the expansion of McDonald's into many international markets, the company has become a symbol of globalization and the spread of the American way of life. Its prominence has made it a frequent topic of public debates about obesity, corporate ethics, and consumer responsibility.
Facts and figures
McDonald's restaurants are found in 120 countries and territories around the world and serve 68 million customers each day.   McDonald's operates 37,855 restaurants worldwide, employing more than 210,000 people as of the end of 2018.    There are a total of 2,770 company-owned locations and 35,085 franchised locations, which includes 21,685 locations franchised to conventional franchisees, 7,225 locations licensed to developmental licensees, and 6,175 locations licensed to foreign affiliates.  
Focusing on its core brand, McDonald's began divesting itself of other chains it had acquired during the 1990s. The company owned a majority stake in Chipotle Mexican Grill until October 2006, when McDonald's fully divested from Chipotle through a stock exchange.   Until December 2003, it owned Donatos Pizza, and it owned a small share of Aroma Café from 1999 to 2001. On August 27, 2007, McDonald's sold Boston Market to Sun Capital Partners. 
Notably, McDonald's has increased shareholder dividends for 25 consecutive years,  making it one of the S&P 500 Dividend Aristocrats.   The company is ranked 131st on the Fortune 500 of the largest United States corporations by revenue.  In October 2012, its monthly sales fell for the first time in nine years.  In 2014, its quarterly sales fell for the first time in seventeen years, when its sales dropped for the entirety of 1997. 
In the United States, it is reported that drive-throughs account for 70 percent of sales.   McDonald's closed down 184 restaurants in the United States in 2015, which was 59 more than what they planned to open.   This move was the first time McDonald's had a net decrease in the number of locations in the United States since 1970. 
The McDonald's on-demand delivery concept, which began in 2017 with a partnership with Uber Eats and added DoorDash in 2019 (with select locations adding Grubhub in 2021), accounts for up to 3% of all business as of 2019. 
The $100 billion in sales generated by McDonald's company-owned and franchise restaurants in 2019 accounts for almost 4% of the estimated $2.5 trillion global restaurant industry. 
For the fiscal year 2018, McDonald's reported earnings of US$5.9 billion, with annual revenue of US$21.0 billion, a decrease of 7.9% over the previous fiscal cycle. McDonald's shares traded at over $145 per share, and its market capitalization was valued at over US$134.5 billion in September 2018.
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The company owns all the land on which its restaurants are situated, which is valued at an estimated $16 to $18 billion. [ citation needed ] The company earns a significant portion of its revenue from rental payments from franchisees. These rent payments rose 26 percent between 2010 and 2015, accounting for one-fifth of the company's total revenue at the end of the period.  In recent times, there have been calls to spin off the company's U.S. holdings into a potential real estate investment trust, but the company announced at its investor conference on November 10, 2015, that this would not happen. CEO Steve Easterbrook discussed that pursuing the REIT option would pose too large a risk to the company's business model. 
The United Kingdom and Ireland business model is different from the U.S, in that fewer than 30 percent of restaurants are franchised, with the majority under the ownership of the company. McDonald's trains its franchisees and management at Hamburger University located at its Chicago headquarters.   In other countries, McDonald's restaurants are operated by joint ventures of McDonald's Corporation and other, local entities or governments. 
According to Fast Food Nation by Eric Schlosser (2001), nearly one in eight workers in the U.S. have at some time been employed by McDonald's. Employees are encouraged by McDonald's Corp. to maintain their health by singing along to their favorite songs in order to relieve stress, attending church services in order to have a lower blood pressure, and taking two vacations annually in order to reduce the risk for myocardial infarction.  Fast Food Nation states that McDonald's is the largest private operator of playgrounds in the U.S., as well as the single largest purchaser of beef, pork, potatoes, and apples. The selection of meats McDonald's uses varies to some extent based on the culture of the host country. 
On June 13, 2016, McDonald's confirmed plans to move its global headquarters to Chicago's West Loop neighborhood in the Near West Side. The 608,000-square-foot structure opened on June 4, 2018, and was built on the former site of Harpo Productions (where The Oprah Winfrey Show and several other Harpo productions taped).  
The McDonald's former headquarters complex, McDonald's Plaza, is located in Oak Brook, Illinois. It sits on the site of the former headquarters and stabling area of Paul Butler, the founder of Oak Brook.  McDonald's moved into the Oak Brook facility from an office within the Chicago Loop in 1971. 
Board of directors
As of February 2021 [update] , the board of directors had the following members: 
- , non-executive chairman president and CEO of Inter-Con Security
- Lloyd H. Dean, president and CEO of Dignity Health , president and CEO of McDonald's , operating partner of Friedman Fleischer & Lowe , CEO of Ancestry.com , non-executive of Conagra Brands
- John J. Mulligan, executive vice president and COO of Target Corporation , non-executive chairman of Jones Lang LaSalle , chairman and CEO of Ariel Investments , chairman and CEO of Abbott Laboratories , chairman emeritus. Also chairman emeritus of Schwarz Supply Source
- Catherine M. Engelbert, commissioner of the Women's National Basketball Association , executive chairman of McLaren Group
On March 1, 2015, after being the chief brand officer of McDonald's and its former head in the UK and northern Europe, Steve Easterbrook became CEO, succeeding Don Thompson, who stepped down on January 28, 2015.
On November 4, 2019, McDonald's announced that Steve Easterbrook would no longer be CEO due to a violation of company guidelines pertaining to relationships with employees. Easterbrook was succeeded as CEO by Chris Kempczinski. 
McDonald's has become emblematic of globalization, sometimes referred to as the "McDonaldization" of society. The Economist newspaper uses the "Big Mac Index": the comparison of the cost of a Big Mac in various world currencies can be used to informally judge these currencies' purchasing power parity. Switzerland has the most expensive Big Mac in the world as of July 2015, while the country with the least expensive Big Mac is India   (albeit for a Maharaja Mac—the next cheapest Big Mac is Hong Kong). 
Thomas Friedman said that no country with a McDonald's had gone to war with another   however, the "Golden Arches Theory of Conflict Prevention" is incorrect. Exceptions are the 1989 United States invasion of Panama, NATO's bombing of Serbia in 1999, the 2006 Lebanon War, and the 2008 South Ossetia war. McDonald's suspended operations in its corporate-owned stores in Crimea after Russia annexed the region in 2014.  On August 20, 2014, as tensions between the United States and Russia strained over events in Ukraine, and the resultant U.S. sanctions, the Russian government temporarily shut down four McDonald's outlets in Moscow, citing sanitary concerns. The company has operated in Russia since 1990 and at August 2014 had 438 stores across the country.  On August 23, 2014, Russian Deputy Prime Minister Arkady Dvorkovich ruled out any government move to ban McDonald's and dismissed the notion that the temporary closures had anything to do with the sanctions. 
Some observers have suggested that the company should be given credit for increasing the standard of service in markets that it enters. A group of anthropologists in a study entitled Golden Arches East  looked at the impact McDonald's had on East Asia and Hong Kong, in particular. When it opened in Hong Kong in 1975, McDonald's was the first restaurant to consistently offer clean restrooms, driving customers to demand the same of other restaurants and institutions. McDonald's has taken to partnering up with Sinopec, the second-largest oil company in the People's Republic of China, as it takes advantage of the country's growing use of personal vehicles by opening numerous drive-thru restaurants.  McDonald's has opened a McDonald's restaurant and McCafé on the underground premises of the French fine arts museum, The Louvre. 
The company stated it would open vegetarian-only restaurants in India by mid-2013. 
On January 9, 2017, 80% of the franchise rights in mainland China and in Hong Kong were sold for US$2.08 billion to a consortium of CITIC Limited (for 32%) and private equity funds managed by CITIC Capital (for 20%) and Carlyle (for 20%), which CITIC Limited and CITIC Capital would form a joint venture to own the stake. 
McDonald's predominantly sells hamburgers, various types of chicken, chicken sandwiches, French fries, soft drinks, breakfast items, and desserts. In most markets, McDonald's offers salads and vegetarian items, wraps and other localized fare. On a seasonal basis, McDonald's offers the McRib sandwich. Some speculate the seasonality of the McRib adds to its appeal. 
Products are offered as either "dine-in" (where the customer opts to eat in the restaurant) or "take-out" (where the customer opts to take the food off the premises). "Dine-in" meals are provided on a plastic tray with a paper insert on the floor of the tray. "Take-out" meals are usually delivered with the contents enclosed in a distinctive McDonald's-branded brown paper bag. In both cases, the individual items are wrapped or boxed as appropriate.
Since Steve Easterbrook became CEO of the company, McDonald's has streamlined the menu which in the United States contained nearly 200 items. The company has looked to introduce healthier options, and removed high-fructose corn syrup from hamburger buns. The company has removed artificial preservatives from Chicken McNuggets,  replacing chicken skin, safflower oil and citric acid found in Chicken McNuggets with pea starch, rice starch and powdered lemon juice. 
In September 2018, McDonald's USA announced that they no longer use artificial preservatives, flavors, and colors entirely from seven classic burgers sold in the U.S., including the hamburger, cheeseburger, double cheeseburger, McDouble, Quarter Pounder with Cheese, double Quarter Pounder with Cheese and the Big Mac.   Nevertheless, the pickles will still be made with an artificial preservative, although customers can choose to opt-out of getting pickles with their burgers.  
In November 2020, McDonald's announced McPlant, a plant-based burger, along with plans to develop additional meat alternative menu items that extend to chicken substitutes and breakfast sandwiches.   This announcement came after the successful testing of Beyond Meat plant based meat substitutes.
International menu variations
Restaurants in several countries, particularly in Asia, serve soup. This local deviation from the standard menu is a characteristic for which the chain is particularly known, and one which is employed either to abide by regional food taboos (such as the religious prohibition of beef consumption in India) or to make available foods with which the regional market is more familiar (such as the sale of McRice in Indonesia, or Ebi (prawn) Burger in Singapore and Japan).
In Germany and some other Western European countries, McDonald's sells beer. In New Zealand, McDonald's sells meat pies, after local affiliate McDonald's New Zealand partially relaunched the Georgie Pie fast food chain it bought out in 1996.  In Greece, the signature hamburger, Big Mac, is changed by adding Tzatziki sauce and packaging in a pita. 
In the United States and Canada, after limited trials on a regional basis, McDonald's began offering in 2015  and 2017,  respectively, a partial breakfast menu during all hours its restaurants are open.
Types of restaurants
Most standalone McDonald's restaurants offer both counter service and drive-through service, with indoor and sometimes outdoor seating.  Drive-Thru, Auto-Mac, Pay and Drive, or "McDrive" as it is known in many countries, often has separate stations for placing, paying for, and picking up orders, though the latter two steps are frequently combined  it was first introduced in Sierra Vista, Arizona in 1975,  following the lead of other fast-food chains. The first such restaurant in Britain opened at Fallowfield, Manchester in 1986. 
In 1994, McDonald's attempted Hearth Express, a prototype specializing in homestyle takeout meals. Among the fare offered were meatloaf, fried chicken, and baked ham. This experiment started with a single location in Darien, Illinois, but closed in only one year. 
In some countries, McDrive locations near highways offer no counter service or seating.  In contrast, locations in high-density city neighborhoods often omit drive-through service.  There are also a few locations, mostly in downtown districts, that offer a "Walk-Thru" service in place of Drive-Thru. 
McCafé is a café-style accompaniment to McDonald's restaurants. The concept was created by McDonald's Australia, where it is marketed as Macca's, starting with Melbourne in 1993.  As of 2016, most McDonald's in Australia have McCafés located within the existing McDonald's restaurant. In Tasmania, there are McCafés in every restaurant, with the rest of the states quickly following suit.  After upgrading to the new McCafé look and feel, some Australian restaurants have noticed up to a 60 percent increase in sales. At the end of 2003, there were over 600 McCafés worldwide.
"Create Your Taste" restaurants
From 2015 to 2016, McDonald's tried a new gourmet burger service and restaurant concept based on other gourmet restaurants such as Shake Shack and Grill'd. It was rolled out for the first time in Australia during the early months of 2015 and expanded to China, Hong Kong, Singapore, Arabia, and New Zealand, with ongoing trials in the US market. In dedicated "Create Your Taste" (CYT) kiosks, customers could choose all ingredients including the type of bun and meat along with optional extras. In late 2015 the Australian CYT service introduced CYT salads.
After a person had ordered, McDonald's advised that wait times were between 10 and 15 minutes. When the food was ready, the trained crew ('hosts') brought the food to the customer's table. Instead of McDonald's usual cardboard and plastic packaging, CYT food was presented on wooden boards, fries in wire baskets, and salads in china bowls with metal cutlery. A higher price applied.
In November 2016, Create Your Taste was replaced by a "Signature Crafted Recipes" program designed to be more efficient and less expensive. 
Some locations are connected to gas stations and convenience stores,  while others called McExpress have limited seating or menu or may be located in a shopping mall. Other McDonald's are located in Walmart stores. McStop is a location targeted at truckers and travelers which may have services found at truck stops. 
In Sweden, customers who order a happy meal can use the meal's container for a pair of goggles.  The company created a game for the goggles known as Slope Stars.  McDonald's predicts happy goggles will continue in other countries.  In the Netherlands, McDonald's has introduced McTrax that doubles as a recording studio it reacts to touch.  They can create their own beats with a synth and tweak sounds with special effects. 
The first kosher McDonald's was established in 1997 at the Abasto de Buenos Aires mall in Buenos Aires, Argentina. There are many kosher branches in Israel.  
McDonald's playgrounds are called McDonald's PlayPlace. Some McDonald's in suburban areas and certain cities feature large indoor or outdoor playgrounds. The first PlayPlace with the familiar crawl-tube design with ball pits and slides was introduced in 1987 in the US, with many more being constructed soon after. [ citation needed ]
McDonald's Next use open-concept design and offer "Create Your Taste" digital ordering. The concept store also offers free mobile device charging and table service after 6:00 pm. The first store opened in Hong Kong in December 2015. 
In 2006, McDonald's introduced its "Forever Young" brand by redesigning all of its restaurants, the first major redesign since the 1970s.  
The goal of the redesign is to be more like a coffee shop, similar to Starbucks. The design includes wooden tables, faux-leather chairs, and muted colors the red was muted to terracotta, the yellow was shifted to golden for a more "sunny" look, and olive and sage green were also added.
To create a warmer look, the restaurants have less plastic and more brick and wood, with modern hanging lights to produce a softer glow. Many restaurants feature free Wi-Fi and flat-screen TVs. Other upgrades include double drive-thrus, flat roofs instead of the angled red roofs, and replacing fiberglass with wood. Instead of the familiar golden arches, the restaurants feature "semi-swooshes" (half of a golden arch), similar to the Nike swoosh. 
McDonald's began banning smoking in 1994 when it restricted customers from smoking within its 1,400 wholly-owned restaurants. 
As a result of the COVID-19 pandemic, McDonald's closed most seating and all play areas in its United States restaurants.  It transitioned to drive-thru and curbside orders at locations and online food ordering delivery services. 
Restaurants in a number of countries including France, Italy, Spain, the United Kingdom and Republic of Ireland were temporarily closed.  Some of these closed restaurants have now re-opened for drive-thru/delivery service only with menu limitations and spend caps.  In other countries including Australia, Germany and Canada restaurants did not close but were limited to providing drive-thru, takeaway or delivery only. 
McDonald's Australia was forced to close 11 Melbourne restaurants temporarily after staff came into contact with a delivery driver who tested positive for COVID-19. 
The re-opening of McDonald's restaurants for drive-thru in the United Kingdom generated significant queues of traffic throughout the country.    Avon and Somerset Police warned long lines of traffic could "cause accidents"  and Warwickshire Police criticized the queues as "dangerous".  In July 2020, for the years's second quarter, McDonald's reported earnings of 66 cents per share. Compared to the same period of last year, it represented a fall of 68%. 
Since the late 1990s, McDonald's has attempted to replace employees with electronic kiosks which would perform actions such as taking orders and accepting money. In 1999, McDonald's first tested "E-Clerks" in suburban Chicago, Illinois, and Wyoming, Michigan, with the devices being able to "save money on live staffers" and attracting larger purchase amounts than average employees. 
In 2013, the University of Oxford estimated that in the succeeding decades, there was a 92% probability of food preparation and serving to become automated in fast food establishments.  By 2016, McDonald's "Create Your Taste" electronic kiosks were seen in some restaurants internationally where customers could custom order meals. As employees pushed for higher wages in the late-2010s, some believed that fast food companies such as McDonald's would use the devices to cut costs for employing individuals. 
In September 2019, McDonald's purchased an AI-based start-up Apprente for replacing human servers with voice-based technology in its US drive-throughs. 
On August 5, 2013, The Guardian revealed that 90 percent of McDonald's UK workforce are on zero-hour contracts, making it possibly the largest such private-sector employer in the country.  In April 2017, due to employee strikes, they gave all employees the option of fixed contracts instead.  A study released by Fast Food Forward conducted by Anzalone Liszt Grove Research showed that approximately 84 percent of all fast food employees working in New York City in April 2013 had been paid less than their legal wages by their employers. 
From 2007 to 2011, fast-food workers in the U.S. drew an average of $7 billion of public assistance annually resulting from receiving low wages.  The McResource website advised employees to break their food into smaller pieces to feel fuller, seek refunds for unopened holiday purchases, sell possessions online for quick cash, and to "quit complaining" as "stress hormone levels rise by 15 percent after ten minutes of complaining."  In December 2013, McDonald's shut down the McResource website amidst negative publicity and criticism. McDonald's plans to continue an internal telephone helpline through which its employees can obtain advice on work and life problems. 
Liberal think tank the Roosevelt Institute accuses some McDonald's restaurants of actually paying less than the minimum wage to entry positions due to "rampant" wage theft.  In South Korea, McDonald's pays part-time employees $5.50 an hour and is accused of paying less with arbitrary schedules adjustments and pay delays.  In late 2015, Anonymous-aggregated data collected by Glassdoor suggests that McDonald's in the United States pays entry-level employees between $7.25 an hour and $11 an hour, with an average of $8.69 an hour. Shift managers get paid an average of $10.34 an hour. Assistant managers get paid an average of $11.57 an hour.  McDonald's CEO, Steve Easterbrook, earns an annual salary of $1,100,000.  His total compensation for 2017 was $21,761,052. 
McDonald's workers have on occasions decided to strike over pay, with most of the employees on strike seeking to be paid $15.00.  When interviewed about the strikes occurring, former McDonald's CEO Ed Rensi stated: "It's cheaper to buy a $35,000 robotic arm than it is to hire an employee who's inefficient making $15 an hour bagging french fries" with Rensi explaining that increasing employee wages could possibly take away from entry-level jobs.  However, according to Easterbrook, increasing wages and benefits for workers saw a 6% increase in customer satisfaction when comparing 2015's first-quarter data to the first quarter of 2016, with greater returns seen as a result. 
In September 2017, two British McDonald's stores agreed to a strike over zero-hours contracts for staff. Picket lines were formed around the two stores in Crayford and Cambridge. The strike was supported by the Leader of the Opposition Jeremy Corbyn.  
Workers at the McDonald's franchise at Saint-Barthélémy, Marseille, occupied the restaurant, in protest against its planned closure. Employing 77 people, the restaurant is the second-biggest private-sector employer in Saint-Barthélémy, which has an unemployment rate of 30 percent.  Lawyers for Kamel Guemari, a shop steward at the franchise, claimed an attempt was made to kill him when a car drove at him in the restaurant car park.  
In March 2015, McDonald's workers in 19 U.S. cities filed 28 health and safety complaints with the U.S. Occupational Safety and Health Administration which allege that low staffing, lack of protective gear, poor training, and pressure to work fast has resulted in injuries. The complaints allege that, because of a lack of first aid supplies, workers were told by management to treat burn injuries with condiments such as mayonnaise and mustard.  The Fight for $15 labor organization aided the workers in filing the complaints. 
In 2015, McDonald's pledged to stop using eggs from battery cage facilities by 2025. Since McDonald's purchases over 2 billion eggs per year or 4 percent of eggs produced in the United States, the switch is expected to have a major impact on the egg industry and is part of a general trend toward cage-free eggs driven by consumer concern over the harsh living conditions of hens.   The aviary systems from which the new eggs will be sourced are troubled by much higher mortality rates, as well as introducing environmental and worker safety problems.  The high hen mortality rate, which is more than double that of battery cage systems, will require new research to mitigate. The facilities have higher ammonia levels due to feces being kicked up into the air. Producers raised concerns about the production cost, which is expected to increase by 36 percent. 
McDonald's continues to source pork from facilities that use gestation crates, and in 2012 pledged to phase them out. 
McDonald's has for decades maintained an extensive advertising campaign. In addition to the usual media (television, radio, and newspaper), the company makes significant use of billboards and signage, and also sponsors sporting events ranging from Little League to the FIFA World Cup and Olympic Games.  Television has played a central role in the company's advertising strategy.  To date, McDonald's has used 23 different slogans in United States advertising, as well as a few other slogans for select countries and regions. 
In 1992, basketball player Michael Jordan became the first celebrity to have a McDonald's value meal named after him. The "McJordan", a Quarter Pounder with pickles, raw onion slices, bacon and barbecue sauce, was available at Chicago franchises.  In September 2020, McDonald's partnered with rapper Travis Scott to release the "Travis Scott Meal", a Quarter Pounder with cheese, bacon, lettuce, pickles, ketchup and mustard medium fries with barbecue sauce and a Sprite, nationwide. Scott designed new uniforms for McDonald's employees and released Cactus Jack merchandise using vintage visuals from the fast food chain's history.  The company followed up with the "J Balvin Meal", a Big Mac with no pickles fries with ketchup and a Oreo McFlurry, in a partnership with reggaeton singer J Balvin.  LeBron James has been a spokesman for McDonald's from 2003 to 2017  while co-endorsing Coca Cola-Sprite since early in his career.  In March 2014, a special “Sprite 6 Mix by LeBron James” flavor of Sprite featuring the flavors of lemon-lime, orange, and cherry, debuted just before the NBA playoffs.  James’ endorsement of Sprite has also included the seasonal “cranberry” and “winter-spiced cranberry” editions of the beverage. James’ deal with Coca-Cola and Sprite ended in 2020, with a new partnership with Pepsi and Mountain Dew launching in 2021. 
McDonald's and NASA explored an advertising agreement for a planned mission to the asteroid 449 Hamburga however, the spacecraft was eventually cancelled. 
Sponsorship in NASCAR
McDonald's entered the NASCAR Cup Series in 1977, sponsoring Richard Childress for one race. Between the years 1977 and 1986, McDonald's would only sponsor a handful of races in a season. In 1993, McDonald's became the full-time sponsor for the No. 27 Junior Johnson & Associates Ford, driven by Hut Stricklin.  In 1994, Stricklin was replaced in the car by Jimmy Spencer, who would go on to win twice that season. The following season McDonald's would move over to the No. 94 Bill Elliott Racing Ford, driven by team-owner Bill Elliott.  McDonald's stayed with Elliott until the 2001 season when they moved again, this time to the No. 96 PPI Motorsports Ford, driven by rookie Andy Houston. However, when the team failed to field a car for the entire season, McDonald's became absent from NASCAR until 2004, when it joined Evernham Motorsports as a part-time sponsor for drivers Elliott, Kasey Kahne, Elliott Sadler, A. J. Allmendinger, and Reed Sorenson until 2010. 
During the 2010 season, McDonald's would enter its longest partnership with a team at Chip Ganassi Racing, sponsoring the No. 1 Chevrolet driven by Jamie McMurray until his final race in the 2019 Daytona 500.   McDonald's moved to CGR's No. 42 of Kyle Larson, whom the company sponsored until his suspension in 2020,  and also had a one-race partnership with Richard Petty Motorsports' No. 43 Chevrolet driven by Bubba Wallace in 2019 and 2020.   McDonald's continued working with the No. 42 under new driver Ross Chastain in 2021 and also joined Wallace's new team 23XI Racing as a "founding partner".  
Sports awards and honors
McDonald's is the title sponsor of the McDonald's All-American Game, all-star basketball games played each year for top-ranked amateur American and Canadian boys' and girls' high school basketball graduates.
McHappy Day is an annual event at McDonald's, during which a percentage of the day's sales go to charity. It is the signature fundraising event for Ronald McDonald House Charities. 
In 2007, it was celebrated in 17 countries: Argentina, Australia, Austria, Brazil, Canada, England, Finland, France, Guatemala, Hungary, Ireland, New Zealand, Norway, Sweden, Switzerland, the United States, and Uruguay.
According to the Australian McHappy Day website, McHappy Day raised $20.4 million in 2009. The goal for 2010 was $20.8 million. 
McDonald's Monopoly donation
In 1995, St. Jude Children's Research Hospital received an anonymous letter postmarked in Dallas, Texas, containing a $1 million winning McDonald's Monopoly game piece. McDonald's officials came to the hospital, accompanied by a representative from the accounting firm Arthur Andersen, who examined the card under a jeweler's eyepiece, handled it with plastic gloves, and verified it as a winner.  Although game rules prohibited the transfer of prizes, McDonald's waived the rule and made the annual $50,000 annuity payments for the full 20-year period through 2014, even after learning that the piece was sent by an individual involved in an embezzlement scheme intended to defraud McDonald's.
McRefugees are poor people in Hong Kong, Japan, and China who use McDonald's 24-hour restaurants as a temporary hostel. 
In the late 1980s, Phil Sokolof, a millionaire businessman who had suffered a heart attack at the age of 43, took out full-page newspaper ads in New York, Chicago, and other large cities accusing McDonald's menu of being a threat to American health, and asking them to stop using beef tallow to cook their french fries. 
In 1990, activists from a small group known as London Greenpeace (no connection to the international group Greenpeace) distributed leaflets entitled What's wrong with McDonald's?, criticizing its environmental, health, and labor record. The corporation wrote to the group demanding they desist and apologize, and, when two of the activists refused to back down, sued them for libel leading to the "McLibel case", one of the longest cases in English civil law. A documentary film of the McLibel Trial has been shown in several countries. 
In 2001, Eric Schlosser's book Fast Food Nation included criticism of the business practices of McDonald's. Among the critiques were allegations that McDonald's (along with other companies within the fast-food industry) uses its political influence to increase its profits at the expense of people's health and the social conditions of its workers. The book also brought into question McDonald's advertisement techniques in which it targets children. While the book did mention other fast-food chains, it focused primarily on McDonald's. [ citation needed ]
In 2002, vegetarian groups, largely Hindu and Buddhist, successfully sued McDonald's for misrepresenting its French fries as vegetarian, when they contained beef broth.  In the same year, Spanish band Ska-P released a song titled "McDollar" in their album ¡¡Que Corra La Voz‼ criticizing McDonald's.
Though the company objected, the term "McJob" was added to Merriam-Webster's Collegiate Dictionary in 2003.  The term was defined as "a low-paying job that requires little skill and provides little opportunity for advancement".  Merriam-Webster's Unabridged Dictionary also contains the word "McMansion," a critical, pejorative term used to describe an overly large, ostentatious, sometimes poorly designed or constructed house, often found in a suburb or in new developments on traditionally rural land. McMansions are often built in multiples that are difficult to distinguish from one another, like assembly-line factory parts or fast-food hamburgers.  
Morgan Spurlock's 2004 documentary film Super Size Me claimed that McDonald's food was contributing to the increase of obesity in society and that the company was failing to provide nutritional information about its food for its customers. Six weeks after the film premiered, McDonald's announced that it was eliminating the supersize option, and was creating the adult Happy Meal. There was a documentary called Fat Head, which pointed out inconsistencies in Super Size Me. [ citation needed ]
In 2006, an unsanctioned McDonald's Video Game by Italian group Molleindustria was released online. It is a parody of the business practices of the corporate giant, taking the guise of a tycoon-style business simulation game. In the game, the player plays the role of a McDonald's CEO, choosing whether or not to use controversial practices like genetically altered cow feed, plowing over rainforests, and corrupting public officials. McDonald's issued a statement distancing itself from the game. 
In January 2014, McDonald's was accused of having used a series of tax maneuvers to avoid taxes in France. French authorities have billed McDonald's France in 2016 for 300 million euros for unpaid taxes on profit. 
In April 2020, McDonald's apologized after footage showing a notice that was being displayed inside one of its restaurants in China saying that "black people are not allowed to enter." 
In October 2020, the Azerbaijan branch of McDonald's was criticized for Facebook and Instagram posts endorsing Azerbaijan's military actions against Armenia in Nagorno-Karabakh.  While McDonald's restaurants exist in Armenia, as of January 2020, none of them were franchises of the global chain.  
Company responses to criticism
In response to public pressure, McDonald's has sought to include more healthy choices in its menu and has introduced a new slogan to its recruitment posters: "Not bad for a McJob".  The word McJob, first attested in the mid-1980s  and later popularized by Canadian novelist Douglas Coupland in his book Generation X: Tales for an Accelerated Culture, has become a buzzword for low-paid, unskilled work with few prospects or benefits and little security. McDonald's disputes this definition of McJob. In 2007, the company launched an advertising campaign with the slogan "Would you like a career with that?" on Irish television, asserting that its jobs have good prospects.
In an effort to respond to growing consumer awareness of food provenance, the fast-food chain changed its supplier of both coffee beans and milk. UK chief executive Steve Easterbrook said: "British consumers are increasingly interested in the quality, sourcing, and ethics of the food and drink they buy".  In a bid to tap into the ethical consumer market,  McDonald's switched to using coffee beans taken from stocks that are certified by the Rainforest Alliance, a conservation group. Additionally, in response to pressure, McDonald's UK started using organic milk supplies for its bottled milk and hot drinks, although it still uses conventional milk in its milkshakes, and in all of its dairy products in the United States.  According to a report published by Farmers Weekly in 2007, the quantity of milk used by McDonald's could have accounted for as much as 5 percent of the UK's organic milk output. 
McDonald's announced in May 2008 that, in the United States and Canada, it has switched to using cooking oil that contains no trans fats for its french fries, and canola-based oil with corn and soy oils, for its baked items, pies, and cookies, by end of 2018. 
With regard to acquiring chickens from suppliers who use CAK/CAS methods of slaughter, McDonald's says that it needs to see more research "to help determine whether any CAS system in current use is optimal from an animal welfare perspective." 
Since McDonald's began receiving criticism for its environmental practices in the 1970s, it has significantly reduced its use of materials.  For instance, an "average meal" in the 1970s—a Big Mac, fries, and a drink—required 46 grams (1.6 oz) of packaging today, it requires 25 grams (0.88 oz), a 46 percent reduction.  In addition, McDonald's eliminated the need for intermediate containers for cola by using a delivery system that pumps syrup directly from the delivery truck into storage containers, saving two million pounds (910 tonnes) of packaging annually.  Weight reductions in packaging and products, as well as increased usage of bulk packaging, ultimately decreased packaging by twenty-four million pounds (11,000 tonnes) annually.  McDonald's efforts to reduce solid waste by using less packaging and by promoting the use of recycled materials were recognized by the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency. 
In 1990, McDonald's worked with the Environmental Defense Fund to stop using "clam shell"-shaped styrofoam food containers to store its food products. 
In April 2008, McDonald's announced that 11 of its restaurants in Sheffield, England, were engaged in a biomass trial program that cut its waste and carbon footprint by half in the area. In this trial, waste from the restaurants was collected by Veolia Environmental Services and used to produce energy at a power plant. McDonald's announced plans to expand this project, although the lack of biomass power plants in the United States would prevent the adoption of this plan as a national standard there anytime soon.  In addition, in Europe, McDonald's has been recycling vegetable grease by converting it to fuel for its diesel trucks. 
In an effort to reduce energy usage by 25 percent in its restaurants, McDonald's opened a prototype restaurant in Chicago in 2009, intending to use the model in its other restaurants throughout the world. Building on past efforts, specifically a restaurant it opened in Sweden in 2000 that was the first to incorporate green ideas, McDonald's designed the Chicago site to save energy by managing stormwater, using skylights for more natural lighting, and installing partitions and tabletops made from recycled goods, among other measures. 
In 2012, McDonald's announced they would trial replacing styrofoam coffee cups with an alternative material. 
In 2018, McDonalds switched from plastic straws to paper ones in Ireland and the United Kingdom  and Australia  in an effort to reduce plastic pollution. Followed by the Netherlands in 2020,  and Germany in 2021.  However, a subsequent investigation by The Sun found that the new paper straws were not recyclable.  Disabled activists criticized that the shift away from plastic straws is ableist, as certain disabilities result in the loss of gross or fine motor control, thus would prevent a customer from safely lifting, balancing or drinking from a cup. 
In January 2021, McDonald's Arcos Dorados, the largest independent McDonald's franchise in the world which operates stores in Latin America and the Caribbean, introduced food trays manufactured by UBQ Materials that use a mix of food waste by-products to reduce the use of virgin plastic. 
McDonald's uses a corn-based bioplastic to produce containers for some products. The environmental benefits of this technology are controversial, with critics noting that biodegradation is slow and produces greenhouse gases, and that contamination of traditional plastic waste streams with bioplastics can complicate recycling efforts. 
Studies of litter have found that McDonald's is one of the most littered brands worldwide. In 2012, a Keep Australia Beautiful study found that McDonald's was the most littered brand in Queensland.   In 2009, Keep Britain Tidy likewise found McDonald's to be the leading producer of fast-food litter on British streets, accounting for 29% of the total.  An early protest against this practice was "Operation Send-It-Back", launched by London Greenpeace in 1994 in response to the company's targeting of activists in the McLibel Trial.  Participants in Operation Send-It-Back returned 30 sacks of McDonald's litter to the company.  In the 2010s, similar individual protests took place in New Zealand  and England. 
McDonald's has been involved in a number of lawsuits and other legal cases, most of which involved trademark disputes. The company has threatened many food businesses with legal action unless it drops the Mc or Mac from trading names.
In April 2017, Irish fast-food chain Supermac's submitted a request to the European Union Property Office to cancel McDonald's owned trademarks within the European Union, claiming that McDonald's engaged in "trademark bullying registering brand names. which are simply stored away in a war chest to use against future competitors", after the trademarks had prevented Supermac's from expanding out of Ireland. The EUIPO ruled in Supermac's favor, finding that McDonald's "has not proven genuine use" of many trademarks, canceling McDonald's owned trademarks such as "Big Mac" and certain "Mc"-related trademarks within the European Union.   
Burger King responded by trolling McDonald's by giving their sandwiches names like "Like a Big Mac But Juicier", "Like a Big Mac, But Actually Big" and "Big Mac-ish But Flame-Grilled of Course". 
On September 8, 2009, McDonald's Malaysian operations lost a lawsuit to prevent another restaurant from calling itself McCurry. McDonald's lost in an appeal to Malaysia's highest court, the Federal Court. 
On December 29, 2016, McDonald's Malaysia issued a statement that said only certified halal cakes are allowed inside its restaurants nationwide. 
In April 2007, in Perth, Western Australia, McDonald's pleaded guilty to five charges relating to the employment of children under 15 in one of its outlets and was fined A$8,000. 
The longest-running legal action of all time in the UK was the McLibel case against two defendants who criticized a number of aspects of the company. The trial lasted 10 years and called 130 witnesses. The European Court of Human Rights deemed that the unequal resources of the litigants breached the defendants rights to freedom of speech and biased the trial. The result was widely seen as a "PR disaster" for McDonald's. 
If You Saved Your Childhood Happy Meal Toys, Then It's Your Lucky Day
Those little pieces of plastic may be worth a fortune.
Hoarding your McDonald's Happy Meal toys from your childhood might just pay off.
Websites dedicated to buying and selling Happy Meal toys indicate that from Barbie to Cabbage Patch Kids, you could cash in on your old trinkets. A vintage set of pens in the shape of your favorite Mickey D's characters, for instance, is selling for $99, and a Disney-themed toy set costs $125. Even the boxes are in high demand.
Or, if you happen to have a full set of Minions lying around, they're going for a cool $360, according to AOL. Sounds like a pretty good excuse to clean out those closets.
How does McDonald's use food addiction to market the Cactus Jack meal?
Ifland sees McDonald's use of a popular celebrity spokesperson as "reinforc[ing] addicted neurons" by making use of a personality "that consumers already know, like, and trust," which, in turn, "transfer[s] the 'know, like, trust' factor to the product by association." She cites numerous studies showing that celebrity endorsers are particularly important when it comes to marketing to children, as children who associated a known character or celebrity with a product were known to have a higher opinion and, in some cases, consume greater amounts of that product than children who had not been exposed to such advertising.
McDonald's also lucked out with (or made sure of) the fact that Scott's alleged standing order at the restaurant includes the addition of bacon to their Quarter Pounder, something Ifland decries as "increas[ing] the salt, sugar, and fat content of the meal." She's also not a fan of Scott's choice of condiment, saying that "although it's hard to imagine, the BBQ sauce for the fries might even be sweeter and saltier than ketchup," having previously mentioned both salt and sugar as highly addictive substances.
Hawks star Trae Young flexes major McDonald’s drip while sidelined with injury
There is no question that Trae Young of the Atlanta Hawks was “lovin’ it” on Tuesday night as the injured star point guard watched his teammates dispatch the Toronto Raptors with ease.
Why, you ask? Because of his tremendous McDonald’s-inspired fit, of course:
While Trae Young has now missed two straight games due to a minor calf injury, his team continues to sizzled as they further expand their hold on the fourth-seed in the Eastern Conference.
With multiple important players out for the Hawks, including Young, John Collins, Danilo Gallinari and Tony Snell, Atlanta kept on trucking behind the efforts of Clint Capela (19 points, 21 rebounds), Bogdan Bogdanovic (23 points, six rebounds, four assists) and backup point guard Brandon Goodwin (18 points, five rebounds, three assists, two steals).
Goodwin, in particular, has taken advantage of Young’s absence by putting up back-to-back excellent games in strong wins for Atlanta.
With the win, the Hawks become only the fourth team in the East to hit the 30-win threshold this season, and the first time they hit 30 wins as a franchise since the 2016-17 season–which marked the last time the team made the playoffs.
Now, back to Young’s Mickey D’s fit.
While one might think it’s simply some branding exercise, it must be said that since the Hawks changed their colors to a more standard red and gold scenario after the nightmarish hellscape of “volt green” and triangles on the jerseys of years past, it’s actually nice to see the team’s colors match up with the iconic fast-food brand.
McDonalds Keto Breakfast
When I first did this post you could order breakfast all day but upon this update in 2020, they have discontinued all day breakfast. You’ll have to order breakfast items before 10:30 am now.
Egg McMuffin (no bun) Sausage & Egg Cheese biscuit (no biscuit), Bacon, Egg & Cheese biscuit (no biscuit)
I figured many people would be interested in ordering a low carb McDonald’s breakfast. As a practitioner of intermittent fasting, I rarely eat breakfast, but I did so for you, my keto Mcdonald’s reader.
My bunless breakfast trio. Bacon egg, & cheese biscuit, Sausage Egg & Cheese Biscuit, and Egg McMuffin
It was way too much food for breakfast, but I wanted to try their selection so I could make a good recommendation.
I really enjoyed the taste of the bunless Sausage patty, folded Egg & Cheese Biscuit and the bunless Egg McMuffin. They use a poached egg patty with the yolk in the middle.
I wasn’t a huge fan of the bunless Bacon, Egg & Cheese Biscuit. The bacon & cheese were fine, but they use a scrambled egg that tasted a bit dry and didn’t look as appetizing as the white egg patties they use for their other breakfast sandwiches.
Thoughts on ordering low carb at Mickey Dees
This particular location must not receive low carb breakfast orders very often as the person ringing me up struggled with it. He needed to ask a manager and one other associate how to ring it up and he had to correct one of the line chefs who inadvertently made my first egg sandwich with the bun.
When they gave me my to-go bag, I noticed they had put all the buns on the side in the wrappers. I don’t like temptation, so I explained that I had an allergy and a McDonald’s employee accepted the buns back.
I have one other minor criticism to share related to how they stacked the bunless breakfast sandwiches. They put the sliced cheese on the bottom on a styrofoam plate, underneath warm meat & eggs such that the cheese was melting and sticking to the plate.
I fixed the stacking issue myself for the photo, but it did require getting my fingers messy. It would have been inconvenient if I were trying to eat in my car.
A better approach would have been to tell them I wanted a McDonald’s low carb breakfast bowl with sausage, egg, and cheese and then see if they could build that for me. Maybe next time.
The McDonald’s employees who served me were all very friendly, helpful, and accommodating. As I was checking my bag to make sure they got the order right, my cashier came over to check on me. That was a nice gesture.
I’m more than willing to be patient with fast food places who try hard to accommodate their customers and act friendly. I know that special low carb orders are relatively uncommon and can put a wrench in their processes.
That said, I went back and did a more thorough review of the low carb McDonald’s breakfast options.